GTF - General Tanker Familiarization

Properties of the following:

Oil – liquid form, volatile
Chemical – toxic, hazardous, highly reactive, corrosive
Gas – poisonous, toxic, explosive, highly flammable

Loading and discharging procedure
  • The vessel is safely secured alongside
  • The ship has performed all the various precautionary measures
  • The choice of tank has been made

Loading and discharging requirements:
  • Firefighting equipments
  • Safety equipments
  • Protective clothing
  • Anti-pollution equipment
  • Scuffer plugs
  • Safety signs and notices
  • lightings

Toxicity – is the ability of the substance to cause damage to living tissue.

Explosimeter - it is an instrument used for measuring the composition of hydrocarbon gas and air mixture usually giving the result as a percentage of lower flammable limit.

Risk of spillage prevention:
  • ship’s movement alongside must be restricted by adjusting mooring
  • pipelines, joints and valves must be kept under observations while cargo handling
  • drip trays and drip pans must be fitted or placed @ vulnerable points, hose connections
  • all scuffers must be closed to prevent the discharge of oil from deck to overboard

How an OOW (officer on watch) can prevent oil spills?
  • Activate (ESD) Emergency Shut Down
  • Immediately report to the master and terminal

To control marine pollution:
  • Know and familiarize Marpol 73/78 and annexes
  • Observed discharge restriction
  • Recycle as much as possible
  • Use drip pans and drip trays
  • Use anti-pollution equipment

To prevent oil spill on board:
  • Do not use hoses with leaks
  • Avoid bending flexible hose excessively
  • Hoses should be suspended from suitable equipment

Personal Survival Techniques (IMO Model Course 1.19)

Survival - is the ability of a seafarer to stay alive when life is threatened in a shipping casualty. It is an action, ability or effort exerted by a person or group of persons in order to continue to live in the mids of disastrous situation. It is a struggle for existence.

Essentials for survival at sea:
  • Have a strong will to survive.
  • Have survival knowledge and techniques: (a) Proper use of life-saving appliances and equipment (b) Actions to be taken when abandoning a ship (c) Survival knowledge and techniques required when drifting (d) Cautions required by a person being pick-up
  • Have excellent life-saving appliances which is always maintained in good condition.

Elementary First Aid (IMO Model Course 1.13)

First Aid - is the emergency treatment given to the ill or injured person before professional medical services can be obtain.



Personal Muster Card - contains information which are useful to crew members in an emergency situation. The following are information in the Personal Muster Card:

Crew number, etc., General Emergency Alarm signal, Fire alarn signal, Abandon ship signal, Muster (assembly) station, Emergency duties.